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Recent Submissions

ItemEmbargo
Failure to thrive: Backlashes against International Trade Law
(Law and Society Association, 2021) Saunders, Imogen
Panel title: The Backlash Moment in International Law, 27/02/21 7.00pm-8.45pm This panel critically examines the current backlash moment to theorize the recent past and possible future of international law. In the wake of decades of neoconservative foreign policy and neoliberal economic policy, a populist backlash has emerged opposing not only global governance conceptions of international law but key pillars of the UN Charter's 'liberal' regime of sovereign equality and collective security. These currents can be traced to contradictions internal to the normative structure of international law itself and the dramatic shift in understandings of sovereignty under conditions of technological globalization. Panelists will explore how these phenomena challenge and elude the conceptual parameters of established theories of international law and examine the paradoxes key to reimagining the international legal order.
ItemOpen Access
Evolution of Head and Neck Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Nodal Staging - An Australian Perspective
(Molecular Diversity Preservation International, 2022) Hurrell, Michael; Low, Tsu-Hui (Hubert); Ebrahimi, Ardalan; Veness, Michael; Ashford, Bruce; Porceddu, Sandro V; Clark, Jonathan
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNcSCC) is one of the commonest malignancies. When patients present with regional metastatic disease, treatment escalation results in considerable morbidity and survival is markedly reduced. Owing to the high incidence, Australian institutions have been at the forefront of advocating for reliable, accurate, and clinically useful staging systems that recognise the distinct biological characteristics of HNcSCC. As a result, an extensive body of literature has been produced over the past two decades, which has defined critical prognostic factors, critiqued existing staging systems, and proposed alternative staging models. Notwithstanding, a suitable staging system has proved elusive. The goal of cancer staging is to group patients according to cancer characteristics for which survival differs between groups (distinctiveness), consistently decreases with increasing stage (monotonicity), and is similar within a group (homogeneity). Despite implementing major changes based on published data, the latest edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual fails to satisfy these fundamental requirements. This review chronologically explores and summarises the Australian contribution to prognostication and nodal staging of HNcSCC and highlights the ongoing challenges.
ItemOpen Access
How Stable Is Objective Chance?
(Oxford University Press, 2022) Cusbert, John
This article examines the stability of objective chance. I defend the stable chance thesis (SCT): that in any given possible world, any pair of intrinsic duplicate physical setups with the same chances of being subject to the same external influences must yield the same chances. I argue that SCT compares favourably to rivals in the literature. I then consider a challenge to SCT involving time travel and causal loops. I argue that SCT survives this challenge, but that such cases expose chance as less stable than we might unreflectively have thought. In particular, the chances associated with a physical setup are sensitive to the way in which that setup is embedded in a wider causal structure.
ItemEmbargo
A systematic survey of face stimuli used in psychological research 2000-2020
(Springer New York LLC, 2022) Dawel, Amy; Miller, Elizabeth; Horsburgh, Annabel; Ford, Patrice
For decades, psychology has relied on highly standardized images to understand how people respond to faces. Many of these stimuli are rigorously generated and supported by excellent normative data; as such, they have played an important role in the development of face science. However, there is now clear evidence that testing with ambient images (i.e., naturalistic images “in the wild”) and including expressions that are spontaneous can lead to new and important insights. To precisely quantify the extent to which our current knowledge base has relied on standardized and posed stimuli, we systematically surveyed the face stimuli used in 12 key journals in this field across 2000–2020 (N = 3374 articles). Although a small number of posed expression databases continue to dominate the literature, the use of spontaneous expressions seems to be increasing. However, there has been no increase in the use of ambient or dynamic stimuli over time. The vast majority of articles have used highly standardized and nonmoving pictures of faces. An emerging trend is that virtual faces are being used as stand-ins for human faces in research. Overall, the results of the present survey highlight that there has been a significant imbalance in favor of standardized face stimuli. We argue that psychology would benefit from a more balanced approach because ambient and spontaneous stimuli have much to offer. We advocate a cognitive ethological approach that involves studying face processing in natural settings as well as the lab, incorporating more stimuli from “the wild”.